17 August 2014

Beware: Eye Cosmetics Banned in Developed Countries Sold in PH




 
TOXIC: Eye cosmetics loaded with lead (above) and skin lightening cream laden with mercury (below) imported from Pakistan and sold locally without market authorization from the Food and Drugs Administration.

The EcoWaste Coalition, an environmental and health watchdog, has made another  toxic discovery:  traditional eye cosmetics from Pakistan banned in Canada, US and Europe due to their heavy metal content are available locally.

After obtaining a Pakistan-made mercury-laced skin lightening cream banned in the United Kingdom from a garments retailer in Baclaran, Pasay City last August 4, the group’s AlerToxic Patrol managed to
procure last week the banned eye cosmetics known as “kajal,” “kohl” or “surma” from a South Asian specialty shop in Paco, Manila City.

“American, Canadian and European regulators have taken action against these traditional lead-containing eye cosmetics that could present chemical risks and cause health problems for consumers, particularly pregnant women and young children,” stated Aileen Lucero, National Coordinator, EcoWaste Coalition.

“Local consumers who use them should be duly alerted of the health hazards posed by such cosmetics,” she emphasized.

“Hashmi Surma Special,” “Hashmi Kohl Aswad” and “Hashmi Kajal” from Pakistan, which the group purchased for P150, P100 and P50, respectively, had no market authorization from the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) of the Philippines.

X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) screening of  “Hashmi Kohl Aswad” and “Hashmi Surma Special” by the EcoWaste Coalition revealed lead content exceeding 10% for each item - or over 100,000 parts per million (ppm), way above the 20 ppm allowable limit  under the ASEAN Cosmetics Directive.

“These eye cosmetics were subjected to various product recalls abroad and should not be sold here,” Lucero said.

Canada way back in 2005 removed known lead-containing kohl from the market such as “Hasmi Kohl Aswad,” while France banned “Hashmi Surma Special” in 2011 “because it contains 71% of lead… and 5,000 CFU/g of aerobic mesophilic flora.”  Also in 2011, Ireland banned “Hashmi Kajal” “because it contains 11,922 mg/kg of lead and 49 mg/kg of cadmium.”

More recently, the US FDA published Import Alert 53-15 in February 2014 entitled “Detention Without Physical Examination (DWPE) of Eye Area Cosmetics Containing Kohl, Kajal, or Surma."

“There are no color additive regulations allowing for the use of these substances in cosmetics. Furthermore, the use of these colors may present a hazard to health because of their heavy metal content (i.e., they may contain more than acceptable trace levels of lead),” the Import Alert warned.

The Import Alert also included A Q & Company, manufacturer of “Hashmi Kajal” and Mohd. Hashim Tajir Surma,” manufacturer of “Hashmi Surma Special” in the “Red List,” or the list of firms and their products subject to DWPE.

According to the US FDA, “the risks associated with exposure to lead are especially serious for children, who are particularly susceptible to absorbing lead from the environment.”

“Among the effects associated with high levels of exposure are anemia, kidney problems, and neurological damage that may include seizures, coma and death. Even at relatively low levels, chronic exposure to lead may lead to learning and behavior problems,” the US FDA said.

“A number of studies have shown that children exposed to kohl have increased levels of lead in their blood. This exposure puts them at increased risk for the serious consequences of lead poisoning,” the
agency warned.

-end-

Reference:

http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/safety/rapex/alerts/main/index.cfm?event=main.search
(type “Pakistan” for country of origin, search for “Hashmi,” choose 2009 and 2011)

http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cms_ia/importalert_134.html

http://www.fda.gov/cosmetics/productsingredients/products/ucm137250.htm

http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/consumer-consommation/products-produits/kohl-khol-eng.php

http://tribune.com.pk/story/548247/the-tale-of-the-lethal-liner/

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