27 February 2020

Playground Contractor Urged to Heed Mayor Magalong’s Concerns

Newly-installed play equipment

An environmental health group that detected dangerously high levels of lead on painted play facilities at the Children’s Playground in Burnham Park resulting to their eventual removal and replacement has appealed to the contractor to heed concerns raised by Baguio City Mayor Benjamin Magalong.

“We appeal to the contractor to initiate remedial steps, with concurrence from the city authorities, to hasten the inauguration of the newly-installed play facilities that are reportedly lead-safe and compliant with toy safety regulations,” said Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner.

According to a Facebook post by the Public Information Office (PIO), Magalong will not sign the project acceptance form and issue the necessary payment to the contractor due to “poor workmanship and deviation from the promised specifications.”

 “While we regret this temporary setback, we recognize the obligation of the contractor to adhere to the agreed specifications, which were adopted with the children’s safety as well as Burnham Park’s master development plan in mind,” Dizon said.

Quoting Atty. Rhenan Diwas, Assistant City Environment and Parks Management Officer, the PIO said the contractor had promised to make alterations and offered to present a proposal for work adjustment to Magalong for approval.

Inca Philippines, the contractor, had so far installed five sets of multi-functional play equipment with each set mounted on a concrete base.

Diwas had previously said: "The play equipment to replace the old ones have rubber base and are movable.  We will not be having a hard time moving or incorporating the play equipment once the redevelopment of the park pushes through."

Meanwhile, the EcoWaste Coalition reiterated the need to replace the old swings at the Children’s Playground, which are still operational to date, noting that the swings are coated with lead-containing paints.

The group had earlier warned that lead-coated playground equipment poses lead poisoning risk for park visitors, especially for young children.  

 “As the paint on the play equipment chips and wears with repeated use, the lead in the deteriorating paint is released, contaminating the surrounding areas,” the group said, adding that “children playing in the park get dust or soil on their hands and ingest it through usual hand-to-mouth behavior," the group explained.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “when used in homes, schools, and playgrounds, lead paint can be a source of lead exposure to children, who easily ingest dust, soil or paint chips by putting their hands in their mouths.”

“Lead is especially dangerous to children’s developing brains, and can cause reduced intelligence quotient (IQ) and attention span, impaired learning ability, and increased risk of behavioral problems,” the WHO said.

The WHO has repeatedly reminded “there is no known level of lead exposure without harmful effects.”





25 February 2020

Groups Find Moves to Ban Single-Use Plastics in Government Offices Inadequate, Seek Comprehensive Action to Rein In Plastic Pollution

Environmental health groups promoting a comprehensive approach to the plastic pollution crisis challenged the National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC) to lead the nation in promoting innovative alternative product packaging and delivery models and systems to cut dependence on single-use plastics (SUPs).

Reacting to the recent adoption of NSWMC Resolution 1363, series of 2020, which will ban some, not all, SUPs in government offices, Break Free From Plastic, EcoWaste Coalition and Mother Earth Foundation dared Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Secretary Roy Cimatu as Chairperson of the NSWMC to re-think the limited scope of the policy to reduce plastic pollution.

The resolution directs the DENR to prepare and implement the prohibition on the use of “unnecessary SUPs” by the offices of national government agencies, local government units and all other government controlled offices as a “solid waste avoidance and minimization strategy.”

“Seriously missing in the scope of the policy is the approach to prevent single use and throw-away packaging--- when the government should be in a leadership position to implement alternative product packaging and delivery models and systems," the groups noted.  

The ban, at is currently stands, will only cover plastic cups lower than 0.2 mm in thickness, plastic labo and thin-filmed sando bags lower than 15 microns, as well as plastic drinking straws, coffee stirrers, spoons, forks and knives. 

“The policy is inadequate, full of loopholes, and could probably result in the use of more crappy plastic packaging nationwide.  Contrary to the rationale being used by the DENR to justify this policy, there are practical and cheaper alternatives available for most SUPs being banned in other countries as well. The DENR should learn from the policy and implementation experiences of other countries that have instituted bans on SUPs instead of protecting the interests of plastics manufacturers using the guise of ‘affordability’ or economic arguments," said Von Hernandez, Global Coordinator, Break Free From Plastic.

“Despite the availability of practical alternatives, we’re surprised not to see single-use plastic bottles, polystyrene food and beverage containers and sachet-packed products listed among the target SUPs to be banned in government offices as these materials are among the top polluting discards we regularly find in cleanups and waste audits,” noted Aileen Lucero, National Coordinator, EcoWaste Coalition.

”Considering the inadequacy of the NSWMC resolution, we urge the government to come up with a truly meaningful, comprehensive national policy on SUPs, which also covers the single-use, throwaway packaging question -- and not cosmetic, half-baked proposals which do nothing significant  to address the scale of the problem, suggested Sonia Mendoza, Chairman, Mother Earth Foundation.


21 February 2020

EcoWaste Coalition Urges DOT to Emphasize the Use of Reusable Bags in the Nationwide Mall Sale in March 2020

Aside from promoting measures to thwart the spread of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as well as control traffic congestion, an environmental group urged the Department of Tourism (DOT) to also step up its advocacy for reusable bags as the country holds its first-ever "Philippine Shopping Festival" next month.

The EcoWaste Coalition, a non-profit green group working for a zero waste and toxics-free society, called upon Tourism Secretary Bernadette Romulo-Puyat to optimize the shopping campaign not only to boost tourism, but also to encourage consumers and retailers to ditch the wasteful plastic bag habit.

“In line with the government’s thrust toward sustainable tourism, we urge Secretary Puyat to highlight the use of reusable bags in the month-long retail event that will be participated in by shopping malls across the country,” said Jove Benosa, Zero Waste Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition.

Puyat had previously stated that “in developing our tourism industry, we must strike a balance between economic opportunities and social responsibilities,” stressing “we must ensure that any development in the tourism industry must not be undertaken at the expense of the environment, the tourists, and the host communities.”

“With the well-being of Mother Nature in mind, the department’s promotional campaign should give due emphasis to the environmental benefits of reusable bags that will encourage more shoppers, locals and foreigners, into proudly bringing their own bags whenever they shop,” Benosa said.

“Instead of single-use plastic bags or paper bags, consumers should be reminded and rewarded for carrying reusable bags with them.  This will help in reducing the environmental and climate impact of single-use bags, particularly the myriad of problems associated with their unrestrained production, consumption and disposal,” he said.

“The use of bayong and other hand-woven bags made of native materials such as palm, pandan and water hyacinth, as well as DIY (do it yourself) tote bags from old clothes, katsa and fabric scraps, should be actively promoted and supported,” he suggested.  

"DOT's promotion of bayong and other reusable bags will also help local government units (LGUs) as this will translate to decreased volume of plastic use and waste," said Benosa, noting that over 500 LGUs have so far adopted ordinances banning or regulating plastic bags to minimize their garbage woes.

As shopping malls are also popular for dining, the EcoWaste Coalition further urged the DOT to use the nationwide sale to encourage a shift from disposables to reusables by restaurants, food courts, and other food and beverage vendors.

“Apart from urging retailers and consumers to embrace the use of reusable bags, we hope the DOT will also amplify the call for food business to rethink disposable and phase in reusable foodware substitutes, for tourists to bring their own water bottles, and for everyone to take responsibility for their discards,” Benosa said, noting the perennial problem with littering in tourism spots and events. 


20 February 2020

EcoWaste Coalition Lauds Baguio City Government for Protecting Babies from Wet Wipes Containing Harmful Substances

Quezon City-based environmental NGO EcoWaste Coalition lauded the approval of an ordinance banning and penalizing the sale in the country’s summer capital of wet wipes containing injurious substances that can result in skin allergy. 

City Ordinance No. 8, series of 2020 entitled “Prohibiting the Sale of Wet Wipes and Other Similar Baby Products with Harmful Ingredients in the City of Baguio” authored by Vice Mayor Faustino Olowan was  passed by the City Council on January 20 on motion of Councilor Philian Louise Weygan-Allan and  seconded by Councilors Joel Alangsab and Elaine Sembrano, and subsequently approved by Mayor Benjamin Magalong on January 28.

After being duly posted and published, the said ordinance is now effective in accordance with the provisions of Republic Act 7160, or the Local Government Code of 1991.

“We congratulate the Baguio City Government for enacting this ordinance that will protect consumers, especially newborns, infants, and toddlers, from certain substances in wet wipes that can provoke contact dermatitis,” said Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition.

According to the World Allergy Organization, a global federation of allergy, asthma and clinical immunology societies, “contact dermatitis is a skin disorder characterized by redness, itching and vesiculation resulting from contact with environmental substances that elicits an allergic and/or irritant response.”

“The baby’s delicate skin is most vulnerable to irritation and allergic reactions, so we consider the adoption of this ordinance as a baby-friendly act worthy of being replicated by other local government units,” Dizon said.  

“Kudos to the Committee on Market, Trade, Commerce and Agriculture chaired by Councilor Weygan-Allan for successfully shepherding the ordinance through the Council,” Dizon, who served as a resource person for the committee's public hearing last November 21, 2019, added.

The ordinance prohibits the sale of wet wipes and similar baby products containing iodopropynyl butylcarbamate (IPBC), methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI), methylisothiazolinone (MIT) and parabens.

Among the initial list of non-compliant baby wipes not allowed to be sold in the city are Dong Bang, Dong Bang Yao Baby Tender, Family Treasure Baby Tender, Sky Fire, Giggley and Super Soft Skin Care Towel.  Additionally, other wet wipe products containing harmful IPBC, MCT, MIT and parabens shall be prohibited.

The ordinance assigns the City Health Services Office in coordination with the Public Order and Safety Division of the City Mayor’s Office, the City Police Office and the barangays to inspect retail outlets and to confiscate non-compliant products.

Business establishments found to have violated the ordinance shall be fined P1,000 for the first offense and immediate closure for establishments without a business permit, P3,000 for the second offense and closure until compliance, and P5,000 for the third offense and non-renewal of business permit.  

However, businesses and individuals who voluntarily surrender non-compliant products to the City Health Services Office shall not be penalized.

The City Health Services Office in coordination with the Food and Drug Administration and the City Environment and Parks Management Office shall determine the appropriate and environment-friendly disposal of the surrendered products.




16 February 2020

Groups Press for Waste Importation Ban as Philippines Returns 50 Containers of Trash to South Korea (Third batch re-exported today; fourth and last batch to be re-exported on February 23)

Environmental health groups have appealed to the Duterte government to ban the importation of foreign waste as they also asked other countries to stop exporting their unwanted waste to the Philippines.

At the send-off ceremony held at the Mindanao International Container Terminal (MICT) for the third batch of illegal South Korean waste shipments to be re-exported, environmental advocates led by Quezon City-based EcoWaste Coalition and Davao City-based Interfacing Development Interventions for Sustainability (IDIS) pushed for preventive measures to halt the entry of hazardous wastes and other refuse, including household and plastic trash, into the country’s ports.

Bureau of Customs-Region X Port Collector John Simon had earlier said that “the re-exportation of the remaining wastes from South Korea this month signifies our nation’s steadfastness to protect public health and the environment from the deceptive trade in hazardous waste disguised as plastic waste for recycling,” stressing that “as guardians of our ports, we (the BOC) are committed to curb illegal trade and halt all forms of customs fraud, including the practice of falsely declaring hazardous waste and other wastes as recyclables.”

For her part, Aileen Lucero, National Coordinator of the EcoWaste Coalition, emphasized that “the chain of foreign waste dumping incidents that sparked national outrage warrants the imposition of tougher policies that will effectively deter the illegal traffic of hazardous wastes and other wastes, especially those from developed economies who have more resources to safely manage their own wastes.”

Chinkie PeliƱo-Golle, Executive Director of IDIS agreed:  “We must not allow countries to continue exporting their waste problem to the Philippines.  To send a clear signal to these countries that we do not want their waste, the government has to fast track the adoption of preventive measures banning the entry of wastes in whatever form of disguise.”

The groups specifically pointed to the need for the Duterte government to proceed with the long overdue ratification of the Basel Ban Amendment (an international law banning the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes from developed to developing countries), and to ban the importation of waste altogether.

“These environmental justice measures will protect our country and our people from the negative consequences of global waste trade," the groups insisted.

The groups likewise asked the government to ensure that all parties behind the unlawful waste shipments from South Korea to be held fully accountable, and for the national government to extend full assistance to the local government unit affected by the illegal traffic of waste, including the conduct of environmental sampling to assess the contamination of the storage area for the illegal waste and its cleanup and rehabilitation.

The controversial waste shipments from South Korea, weighing about 6,500 tons and falsely declared as “plastic synthetic flakes,” were imported by Verde Soko Philippines Industrial Corporation.  The shipments arrived in Northern Mindanao in July and October 2018.

Found by the authorities as “misdeclared, heterogenous and injurious to public health,” BOC-10 then issued three warrants of seizure and detention against the said illegal waste shipments.  Citing violations of DENR Administrative Order 2013-22 and Republic Act 10863, or the Customs Modernization and Tariff Act, BOC-10 ordered the waste shipments re-exported to their origin.

Following successful negotiations with the South Korean government involving stakeholders from the public and private sectors, including the EcoWaste Coalition, the first batch of 51 containers vans were re-exported from MICT port on January 13 last year.

The second and third batches of 50 containers per batch followed on January 19 and February 16, 2020.  And the last batch is scheduled for repatriation on February 23, 2020.


13 February 2020

EcoWaste Coalition Says: “Accept, love and be proud of your natural skin color” (Group urges consumers to say no to skin lightening cosmetics with banned ingredients such as mercury, hydroquinone and/or tretinoin)

“Accept, love and be proud of your natural skin color.”

The proliferation of cosmetics containing banned skin whitening agents prompted the EcoWaste Coalition, a toxics watchdog group, to exhort Filipinos, especially women and girls, to embrace and take pride in their natural skin tone.

The group’s renewed pitch for “brown is beautiful” came on the heels of successive advisories issued by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)  warning consumers against the purchase and use of cosmetics containing mercury, hydroquinone and/or tretinoin, which are not allowed to be part of a cosmetic product as per Annex II Part 1 of the ASEAN Cosmetic Directive.

Additionally, the FDA has warned the public about the side effects of using injectable lightening agents such as glutathione, which can have toxic effects on the liver, kidneys and the nervous system. 

“We need not poison our bodies and the environment with mercury and other harmful pigment inhibiting agents in our desire to have a lighter skin complexion,” said Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition.

“Instead of altering your natural skin color, why not accept, love and be proud of what you have?” he asked, emphasizing “there is no shame in brown or black skin.” 

“If whitening one’s skin is really desired, please be careful on how you will do it.  Better seek the advice of licensed dermatologists on proper skincare and on skin disease prevention, detection and treatment,” he added.

The group noted the rash of cosmetics being flagged by FDA due to the presence of banned ingredients such as mercury, hydroquinone and/or tretinoin, including those banned by other ASEAN member states..

To date, the FDA has prohibited the sale of over 135 mercury-containing skin whitening creams, which are mostly imported from mainland China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Pakistan.   

The FDA has likewise banned several skincare products such as facial astringent, toner and cream containing hydroquinone and/or  tretinoin, many of which are locally manufactured.

“Adverse health effects of the inorganic mercury contained in skin lightening creams and soaps include: kidney damage, skin rashes, discoloration and scarring, reduction in the skin’s resistance to bacterial and fungal infections, anxiety, depression, psychosis and peripheral neuropathy,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to the FDA, “hydroquinone is no longer allowed to be part of a cosmetic product and is classified as a drug product in the Philippines because of its multiple serious adverse effects (i.e. sensitivity to light, skin redness and permanent skin discoloration) when used indiscriminately.”

As per the FDA, “products containing hydroquinone and/or tretinoin (retinoic acid) shall be classified as a home remedy, over-the-counter, or prescription drug depending on the amount present as per DOH Administrative Order No. 13, series of 1999.”

The US-based Campaign for Safe Cosmetics Cancer has identified “cancer, organ system toxicity and respiratory tract irritation” among the health concerns associated with the use of hydroquinone in skin lighteners, facial and skin cleansers, facial moisturizers, hair conditioners, and finger nail coating products.






12 February 2020

Third Batch of Illegal Waste Shipments from South Korea to be Sent Back on February 16 (Fourth and last batch to be shipped back on February 23)

A total of 100 container vans of contaminated plastic waste illegally shipped to Northern Mindanao from South Korea will soon be returned to their source.

As announced by Bureau of Customs-Region X (BOC-10) Port Collector John Simon through a text message to the EcoWaste Coalition, 50 container vans will be sent back to South Korea on February 16 and the last 50 containers on February 23.

“This will bring the total number of re-exported containers to 201,” said Simon, noting that 50 containers were shipped back on January 19, 2020 and another 51 containers on January 13, 2019.

“The re-exportation of the remaining wastes from South Korea this month signifies our nation’s steadfastness to protect public health and the environment from the deceptive trade in hazardous waste disguised as plastic waste for recycling,” said Simon.

“As guardians of our ports, we are committed to curb illegal trade and halt all forms of customs fraud, including the practice of falsely declaring hazardous waste and other wastes as recyclables,” he added.

The container ships “Vivaldi” and “Nordmarsh” will bring the stranded wastes back to South Korea on February 16 and 23, respectively, confirmed Simon.

The environmental health group EcoWaste Coalition, which has been monitoring compliance to the bilateral agreement by the governments of the Philippines and South Korea for the re-export of the illegal waste consignments, welcomed Simon’s announcement.

“The re-exportation of the remaining wastes and the cleanup of the storage site in Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental, which factually became an open dumpsite for South Korean rubbish, will help in bringing this dumping controversy to a close,” said Aileen Lucero, National Coordinator, EcoWaste Coalition.

“To deter illegal traffic of waste in the future, all those responsible for this mess should be fully held accountable in accordance with the rule of law,” said Lucero, who also emphasized the need for the national government to impose a total ban on waste importation and to ratify the Basel Ban Amendment, an international law banning transfer of hazardous waste from developed to developing countries.  

"These environmental justice measures will protect our country and our people from the negative consequences of global waste trade," she added.  
Imported by Verde Soko Philippines Industrial Corporation, the South Korean waste shipments wrongly declared as “plastic synthetic flakes” and weighing about 6,500 tons arrived in Northern Mindanao in July and October 2018. 

Assessed by the authorities as “misdeclared, heterogenous and injurious to public health,” BOC-10 then issued three warrants of seizure and detention against the illegal waste shipments from South Korea.

BOC-10 further issued a re-exportation order for the said waste shipments citing violations of DENR Administrative Order 2013-22 and Republic Act 10863, or the Customs Modernization and Tariff Act.  


Statement of Concern re ABS-CBN Franchise Renewal Woes

The EcoWaste Coalition, a non-profit environmental health organization, is gravely alarmed by the mounting danger of ABS-CBN losing its congressional franchise, which is set to expire on 30 March 2020. 

Grossly upset by the quo warranto petition filed by the Office of the Solicitor General asking the Supreme Court to forfeit the franchise of the media institution, the EcoWaste Coalition appeals to the House Committee on Legislative Franchises, which has jurisdiction on “all matters directly and principally relating to the grant, amendment, extension or revocation of franchises,” to convene itself and speedily consider bills seeking to renew the franchise of the media network. 

As an advocate for the public’s right to know, we consider the moves to shut down ABS-CBN as a severe blow to the freedom of speech and of the press and contrary to the state policy that “recognizes the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.” A free press is essential to the pursuit of the peoples constitutionally-guaranteed rights to health and to a balanced and healthful ecology, to participate in decision-making and the full respect of human rights. 

As shutting down ABS-CBN will leave a huge void in environmental education and advocacy, noting the network’s programs and projects in defense of the environment and in support of disadvantaged communities, we urge members of Congress to cross party lines, and work double-time to uphold due process and to ensure that its power to grant, amend, extend or revoke franchises is duly respected and not by-passed or usurped by other government instrumentalities. 

For the sake of a free press, for the sake of environmental protection and public service, and for the sake of the thousands of workers employed by the network and its subsidiaries, we urge both the House of Representatives and the Senate not to fail in exercising their duty to prevent the non-renewal of ABS-CBN’s franchise, a tragic debacle that will deeply divide and sadden our nation.   

07 February 2020

EcoWaste Coalition Slams Illegal Sale of Artificial Nail Sets with Toxic Glue Despite Ban

The sale of artificial nails with matching adhesive containing a harmful ingredient banned by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) goes on unabated, lamented a toxics watchdog group.

During a recent visit to popular discount malls in Divisoria, Manila, the EcoWaste Coalition bought artificial nail sets for P25 per set (wholesale price).  These fashion accessories, which comes with a small glue tube, were purportedly “made in China” as written on the packaging. 

Upon examination, the glue that is used to fasten the artificial nail (also known as fake or fashion nails) to the natural nail surface was found to contain dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as indicated on the ingredients’ list.

DBP is a banned ingredient as per Annex II, Part I of the ASEAN Cosmetic Directive, which provides a list of various substances that "must not form part of the composition of cosmetic products."

Among these artificial nail sets with DBP-containing adhesive were Dudustrong, Elegant Touch, Losnaglar, Opoola, Skeyelinl, and Xucai.

“The sale of cosmetic products containing banned ingredients such as DBP continues to proliferate, especially in the informal market where adulterated, imitation and unregistered goods are sold cheap,” stated Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition.

“To protect unassuming consumers from health-damaging cosmetics, we call for and support intensified law enforcement action to rid the marketplace of such poison products,” he added.     

According to FDA Advisory 2015-006 warning consumers against unnotified adhesive containing DBP, this substance "has the ability to cause allergic reactions.”

“There were previous cases where allergic response to DBP was found to be severe,” the FDA said, adding that “allergic reactions can induce a state of hypersensitivity in the immune system.”

“It can cause the immune system to respond to chemical exposures with immunological reactions that are harmful, varying from hives to life threatening responses such as anaphylactic shock, where low blood pressure and breathing difficulties can result in death,” the FDA further explained.




04 February 2020

EcoWaste Coalition Urges Toy Retailers to Heed FDA’s Ban on Toxic “Shrilling Chicken”

The EcoWaste Coalition, a group advocating for children’s protection from harmful chemicals, appealed to all toy manufacturers, importers, distributors and retailers to stop the sale of “Shrilling Chicken,” a plastic toy that creates a screaming sound when squeezed.

The group’s appeal came on the heels of a recent public health warning issued by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) against the said toy, which the agency found to contain high concentrations of toxic plastic additives called phthalates.

As per FDA Advisory No. 2020-042, the unnotified “Shrilling Chicken” contains 8.4 percent of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) and 0.5 percent diisononyl phthalate (DINP) above the 0.1 percent limit under DOH Administrative Order No. 2009-005-A, series of 2011.

Phthalates, which are added to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic flexible and soft, are endocrine disrupting chemicals linked to various health problems, including genital abnormalities in boys such as malformed penises and undescended testicles, and the early onset of puberty for girls, the EcoWaste Coalition said.

“We call upon all stores selling ‘Shrilling Chicken’ to heed the FDA’s advisory and cease from selling this funny but unsafe toy,” said Thony Dizon, Chemical Safety Campaigner, EcoWaste Coalition, who also recalled sending samples of such toy to private laboratories  for phthalate analysis in 2010 and 2012.  The analyzed samples were likewise found laden with banned phthalates, especially DEHP, a probable human carcinogen.

“Toxic ‘Shrilling Chicken’ has been around for over 10 years.  It’s high time for the authorities to completely rid the market of this dangerous toy,” he said.

For children’s protection, Dizon requested FDA’s Regional Field Offices and Regulatory Enforcement Units and concerned local government and law enforcement units to launch coordinated actions to stop the importation, distribution and sale of toxic “Shrilling Chicken” toys, and to ensure their safe disposal as hazardous waste.

Prior to the FDA advisory, countries in Europe have either banned or ordered the withdrawal from the market of “Shrilling Chicken” due to their toxic content, the EcoWaste Coalition pointed out.

Slovakia banned “Shrilling Chicken” in 2008, Sweden in 2013, Czech Republic in 2014, Spain in 2016 and Luxembourg in 2017, the EcoWaste Coalition said, citing information from the European Union’s rapid alert system for non-food dangerous products.

Slovakia, Czech Republic, Spain and Luxembourg took action after finding prohibited phthalates in toys such as DEHP and DINP on the plastic material of the chicken.  DEHP, in particular, “may harm the health of children, causing possible damage to the reproductive system.”

Sweden banned “Shrilling Chicken” as “the product poses an environmental risk (chemical pollution) because the plastic in the chicken contains up to 10% short chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs),” a class of persistent organic pollutants or POPs.

As per DOH. A.O. 2009-005 as amended in 2011, “it shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture for sale, offer for sale, distribute in commerce, or import into the country any children’s toys that contain concentrations of more than 0.1 percent by weight of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), dibutyl phthalate (DBP), or benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP).”

The FDA has warned that “the use of substandard and possibly adulterated TCCA products may result to health risks including but not limited to endocrine disruption and reproductive or developmental effects in relation to exposure to these compounds.”